By Mark Swenarton, Tom Avermaete, Dirk van den Heuvel
In the many years following international struggle , and partly according to the chilly warfare, governments throughout Western Europe set out formidable programmes for social welfare and the redistribution of wealth that aimed to enhance the typical lives in their electorate. a lot of those welfare kingdom programmes - housing, colleges, new cities, cultural and leisure centres – concerned not only building yet a brand new method of architectural layout, during which the welfare pursuits of those state-funded programmes have been delineated and debated. The effect on architects and architectural layout used to be profound and far-reaching, with welfare kingdom tasks relocating centre-stage in architectural discourse not only in Europe yet worldwide.
This is the 1st e-book to discover the structure of the welfare kingdom in Western Europe from a global point of view. With chapters masking Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Sweden and the united kingdom, the e-book explores the advanced position performed by way of structure within the formation and improvement of the welfare kingdom in either thought and perform.
- the position of the equipped surroundings within the welfare country as a political undertaking
- the colonial measurement of ecu welfare nation structure and its ‘export’ to Africa and Asia
- the function of welfare nation initiatives in selling buyer tradition and monetary growth
- the photo of the collective produced through welfare country architecture
- the position of architectural innovation within the welfare state
- the position of the architect, instead of development businesses and others, in choosing what used to be built
- the dating among architectural and social theory
- the function of inner institutional critique and the counterculture.
Contributors comprise: Tom Avermaete, Eve Blau, Nicholas Bullock, Miles Glendinning, Janina Gosseye, Hilde Heynen, Caroline Maniaque-Benton, Helena Mattsson, Luca Molinari, Simon Pepper, Michelle Provoost, Lukasz Stanek, Mark Swenarton, Florian city and Dirk van den Heuvel.
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Extra resources for Architecture and the Welfare State
The welfare state in turn provided opportunities for architects. But more than that, by removing the construction of housing, schools, hospitals, and other social institutional structures from the market, it made it possible for designers and planners to experiment and to innovate. The long history of the relationship between architecture and Social Democratic welfare policy in Austria reveals another element – a function of the urban focus and politically-charged context of Vienna in which that policy was shaped – that is, the role of practice.
Loos, ‘Das Grand Hotel Babylon’, Die Neue Wirtschaft, 20 December 1923, 10–11. 22 As, for example, in the analysis of Red Vienna by Marxist architectural historian, M. , Vienna Rossa: la politica residenziale nella Vienna socialista, 1919–1933, Milan: Electa, 1980. 23 L. : MIT Press, 1971, 2: 549. 24 See A. , The Austrian Socialist Experiment: Social Democracy and AustroMarxism, 1918–1934, Boulder: Westview Press, 1985, 3. 25 For Heimatstil in the Viennese context, see Blau, Red Vienna, 355–356.
J. Habraken, De Dragers en de Mensen, Het einde van de massa Woningbouw, Amsterdam: Scheltema & Holkema, 1961 (English version: N. J. Habraken, Supports: An Alternative to Mass Housing, London: Architectural Press, 1972) and J. Turner, ‘The ﬁts and misﬁts of people’s housing’, RIBA Journal, vol. 18, no. 2 (February 1974), 14–21. See also C. Klemek, The Transatlantic Collapse of Urban Renewal, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011. 52 In the end, armed force broke this resistance. See V. Mamadouh, De stad in eigen hand.