By Glenna R. Schroeder-Lein
This A–Z encyclopedia presents rigorously chosen entries overlaying the folks, occasions, and ideas correct to Andrew Johnson's life.
• greater than 350 entries conceal the 5 a long time of Andrew Johnson's profitable occupation, from 1828–1875
• chosen unique files comprise the Articles of Impeachment, speeches, proclamations, vetoes, and letters
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Extra info for Andrew Johnson: a biographical companion
S. military or Congress to join the Confederacy. Andrew Johnson, who had been military governor of Tennessee since April 1862, endorsed his superior’s policy and even foreshadowed his own. ” In a speech at the state capitol in 1864 he told Tennesseans “Go over there; there is an altar for you. we cannot put all in prison; we can’t suspend all upon the gallows. ” Lincoln apparently lived up to his 1865 inaugural address, which spoke of ‘‘malice toward none” and “charity for all”: No voluntary application for an individual pardon was denied.
At first some Republicans were gratified because Johnson showed no sympathy as he directed the arrest and trial of the assassination conspirators. But presidential assassins were exceptions to Johnson’s policy, and the new president took a far more conciliatory view toward average Southerners who had been in the war. Johnson had been military governor during wartime, when the normal relationships among the population, the Constitution, and military-civil authorities were disrupted. But the war had ended, and Johnson saw nothing in the Constitution about secession or the subjugation of entire populations.
Just after becoming president in April of 1865, Johnson asked Attorney General James Speed for an opinion regarding the president’s authority to issue an amnesty proclamation. S. Constitution authorized a president to issue such a proclamation, and he also encouraged Johnson to issue one because Lincoln’s proclamation was a war measure and its effects ceased with the ending of hostilities. Johnson turned the matter over to his cabinet, who assisted in drafting the First Amnesty Proclamation.