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Extra info for Airports As Multimodal Interchange Nodes (Ecmt Round Table)

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Most safety considerations relate to the links in a network rather than to nodes, with the exception of takeoffs and landings, and these are largely Round Table 126: Airports as Multimodal Interchange Nodes – ISBN 92-821-0339-0 - © ECMT, 2005 33 decoupled from other modes. The main consideration at nodes is, therefore, the need for design and operational features which ensure appropriate separation of the various modes. At an airport, this may entail matters of segregating surface movements by ground transportation from those by aircraft -- a particular problem if large numbers of passengers are moved between aircraft and terminal building by bus, or between terminals.

Airport competition has potential to expand further, given the profitability of the low-fare airlines, their attractiveness, the attractiveness of the airports they serve and the supply of airport capacity. Studies by Cranfield University Air Transport Group indicate that there is considerable scope for airport competition in Europe (Fewings, 1999). These studies found that in France, the UK and Germany, there were, respectively, 32, 34 and 28 airports within an hour’s surface access of another airport.

The low-cost airlines require fewer check-in desks because check-in is speeded up by scrapping seat allocation, frequent-flyer points allocation, multi-journey tickets and interlining. The Ryanair throughput per check-in desk at Dublin is 130 000 passengers per year, compared to 48 000 per year for all other airlines. Ryanair handled 25 per cent of departing passengers but used only 11 per cent of the check-in desks. The Dublin traffic of the other airlines includes a significant transatlantic traffic, traffic to third countries hubbing at Heathrow, Amsterdam and Paris and traffic transferring to and from eight routes within Ireland.

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