By Bertrand Russell
Due to the fact its first book in 1945? Lord Russell's A heritage of Western Philosophy has been universally acclaimed because the impressive one-volume paintings at the topic — extraordinary in its comprehensiveness, its readability, its erudition, its grace and wit. In seventy-six chapters he lines philosophy from the increase of Greek civilization to the emergence of logical research within the 20th century. one of the philosophers thought of are: Pythagoras, Heraclitus, Parmenides, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, the Atomists, Protagoras, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, the Cynics, the Sceptics, the Epicureans, the Stoics, Plotinus, Ambrose, Jerome, Augustine, Benedict, Gregory the nice, John the Scot, Aquinas, Duns Scotus, William of Occam, Machiavelli, Erasmus, extra, Bacon, Hobbes, Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, the Utilitarians, Marx, Bergson, James, Dewey, and finally the philosophers with whom Lord Russell himself is so much heavily linked — Cantor, Frege, and Whitehead, co-author with Russell of the huge Principia Mathematica.
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Roofed by the Quick and Carven Beam, By Chalyb steel and wild bull's blood. In flawless joints of Cypress wood Made steadfast. There in one pure stream My days have run. The servant I, Initiate, of Idaean Jove; * Where midnight Zagreus â€ roves, I rove; I have endured his thunder-cry; Fulfilled his red and bleeding feasts; Held the Great Mother's mountain flame; I am set free and named by name A Bacchos of the Mailed Priests. Robed in pure white I have borne me clean From man's vile birth and coffined clay, And exiled from my lips alway Touch of all meat where Life hath been.
It is true, perhaps, of Homer, Sophocles, and Aristotle, but it is emphatically not true of those Greeks who were touched, directly or indirectly, by Bacchic or Orphic influences. At Eleusis, where the Eleusinian mysteries formed the most sacred part of Athenian State religion, a hymn was sung, saying: With Thy wine-cup waving high, With Thy maddening revelry, To Eleusis' flowery vale, Comest Thou--Bacchus, Paean, hail! In the Bacchae of Euripides, the chorus of Maenads displays a combination of poetry and savagery which is the very reverse of serene.
Mortals deem that gods are begotten as they are, and have clothes like theirs, and voice and form . . yes, and if oxen and horses or lions had hands, and could paint with their hands, and produce works of art as men do, horses would paint the forms of gods like horses, and oxen like oxen, and make their bodies in the image of their several kinds. . " Xenophanes made fun of the Pythagorean doctrine of transmigration: "Once, they say, he ( Pythagoras) was passing by when a dog was being ill-treated.